Rule Change: Open

Overview

This rule change request from the Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC), Total Environment Centre (TEC) and the Australia Institute (TAI) seeks to introduce a mechanism for wholesale demand response in the national electricity market.
View more

This rule change request from the Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC), Total Environment Centre (TEC) and the Australia Institute (TAI) seeks to introduce a mechanism for wholesale demand response in the national electricity market. 

It is one of three rule change requests the Commission has received that relate to wholesale demand response. The other requests are:

  • the Australian Energy Council (AEC) has submitted a rule change request seeking to introduce a register for wholesale demand response
  • the South Australian Government has submitted a rule change request seeking to introduce a mechanism for wholesale demand response. It has also proposed to introduce a separate, transitory market for wholesale demand response.

Draft determination

On 18 July 2019 the AEMC released a draft determination to implement a wholesale demand response mechanism. 

Under the draft rule, a new category of registered participant, a demand response service provider (DRSP), would be able to bid demand response directly into the wholesale market as a substitute for generation. A DRSP could also engage directly with a customer without the involvement of that customer’s retailer.

The mechanism introduced under the draft rule is designed to provide greater opportunities for consumers to participate in the wholesale market by bidding in demand reductions as a substitute for generation, thereby unlocking under-utilised demand response in the national electricity market (NEM). The Commission considers that the mechanism will promote greater demand side transparency, as well as price and reliability related benefits.

In the longer term, the Commission considers that moving to a two-sided market will assist the NEM in effectively evolving and transitioning to the future power sector, whatever that future may look like. A two-sided market is characterised by the active participation of the supply and demand side in dispatch and price setting. Moving to a two-sided market should enable the transition to a future NEM characterised by increased variable supply and more flexible, price responsive demand. 

The Commission has determined to not make a draft retail rule in response to the rule change requests, as a broader consideration of the appropriate energy-specific consumer protections is required. 

The Commission considers it important to provide opportunities to all consumers to participate in wholesale demand response. However, it is also important to make sure that appropriate energy-specific consumer protections are provided to consumers participating in the mechanism. As a result, the draft rule does not provide for small consumers to participate in the mechanism.

The substantive parts of the rule implementing the wholesale demand response mechanism are proposed to commence on 1 July 2022. The Commission has also made a series of complementary changes and recommendations relating to increasing transparency of wholesale demand response in the wholesale market. 

Submissions on the draft determination closed on 12 September 2019. 37 Submissions were received and are available below.

Stakeholder consultation

In preparing the draft determination, the Commission: 

  • held a stakeholder workshop on 5 March 2019 in Melbourne to discuss the rule change requests. The workshop agenda and slides from the workshop are available below. 
  • held three technical working group meetings attended by experts from industry, demand response providers and consumer groups. The group provided technical input into the development and assessment of the rule change requests. The discussion notes from these meetings can be found below.

The AEMC received two requests, from ENGIE and SIMEC Energy, to hold a pre-final rule determination hearing in relation to the draft determination. The hearing was held on 6 August 2019. A transcript of the hearing, and associated materials, are available below.

The Commission also held two stakeholder consultation workshops on the draft determination on 16 August and 22 August 2019. The discussion notes and agendas for both workshops can be found below. 

The Commission will hold a fourth technical working group on 11 October 2019. The notes and agenda from this technical working group meeting will be published following the meeting.

Technical working group

The AEMC formed a technical working group of experts from consumer groups, large consumers, network businesses, retailers, technology providers, market bodies and AEMO to consult on the proposed rule changes.

The AEMC has held four technical working group meetings:

  • 22 March 2019
  • 15 April 2019
  • 30 May 2019
  • 11 October 2019

The discussion notes from these meetings can be found below.

Extension and consolidation

On 7 February 2019 the Commission extended the period of time for making the draft determination to 18 July 2019 under section 107 of the National Electricity Law (NEL) and section 266 of the National Electricity Retail Law (NERL). On 10 October 2019 the Commission extended the time for making the final determination by an additional three weeks due to complexity and the volume of issues raised by stakeholders in submissions in relation to how the rule is put in place in the regulatory framework.  

Alongside the draft rule and draft determination, the Commission also published two consolidation notices on 18 July 2019: 

  • The first notice related to the consolidation of ERC0247, ERC0248 and ERC0250. The three electricity rule change requests are consolidated under ERC0247 and named Wholesale demand response mechanism
  • The second notice related to the consolidation of RRC0023, RRC0025 and RRC0027. These three retail rule change requests are consolidated under RRC0023 and named Wholesale demand response mechanism - retail

Background

These rule change requests follow the Commission’s consideration of wholesale demand response in its Reliability frameworks review

The AEMC’s final report for the Reliability frameworks review, published in July 2018, included a collaborative Reliability work plan with a series of actions to be progressed by the AEMC, AEMO and the AER.

One of the actions is to integrate more demand response in the wholesale market by enabling demand response aggregators and providers to be recognised on equal footing with generators in the wholesale market and so offer wholesale demand response transparently into the market.

These rule change requests relate to this recommendation.
 

View less

Documentation

DRAFT

AEMC Documents

Pre-final rule determination hearing

Draft determination and draft rule workshops

Submissions