Under section 238(1) of the National Energy Retail Law, the South Australian Minister responsible for energy made the initial National Energy Retail Rules. The initial rules comprised version 1 of the National Energy Retail Rules and commenced operation on 1 July 2012.

Under section 238A of the National Energy Retail Law, the South Australian Minister responsible for energy has power to make initial rules related to consumer protections and smart meters. No rules have yet been made under the head of power.